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Child Passenger Laws


Motor vehicle injuries are the leading cause of death among children in the United States. Many of these deaths can be prevented. Placing children in age- and size-appropriate car seats and booster seats reduces serious and fatal injuries by more than half.

Child Passenger Restraint Laws

  Child Restraint

V.C. 27360 - Children must be properly secured in the back seat in a child restraint system (safety seat, booster, car bed, or harness) that meets federal standards until they are at least 8 years old.
Exceptions to requirement for child restraint system:
A child under age 8 who is at least 4'9" may be properly restrained in a safety belt.
In an emergency vehicle or a life-threatening emergency, if no safety seat is available, a child
under age 8 may be secured with a safety belt.
Physical unfitness, medical condition, or size may be cause for exemption.
Children over 40 lbs. may be transported in a lap belt if the back seat does not have a lap and shoulder belt.
  • Exceptions to rear seat requirement:
  • No forward-facing rear seat in vehicle;
  • child restraint cannot be properly installed in rear seat;
  • all rear seats are occupied by other children age 7 or under;
  • medical reasons.
A child in a rear-facing safety seat may not ride in front if there is an active passenger air bag.

V.C. 27360.5 - Children who are at least 8 years old and are under age 16 must be properly secured in either a child restraint system or a properly fitted safety belt.

Miscellaneous Child Passenger Laws

15620(a) VC – This law prohibits a person from leaving a child age 6 or younger, or with a child under 12, alone in a vehicle.

118948(a) H&S – This law prohibits smoking in a vehicle if there is a child under 18 inside the vehicle




California DMV


If you have questions about the vehicle code laws and their interpretations, please feel free to call the traffic division at the Glendora Police Department (626) 914-8250. Also, let us know if you have any questions about how traffic laws apply to streets in Glendora by e-mailing traffic@glendorapd.org.